Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Gum disease is a problem for over 80% of the adult population. Because it often goes unnoticed until the later stages, it has often been called a "silent epidemic" in American culture.

Periodontal Disease range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease, that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth.  In worst cases teeth are lost.

Cause:


Mainly bacteria along with mucus and other particles which constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on the teeth.  Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque.  When plaque is not removed it mineralizes into bacteria-harboring “tartar” that cannot be removed with regular home hygiene care.  Only a professional cleaning can remove the tartar.

Gingivitis = inflammation of the gums caused by plaque and tartar.  Gums become red, swollen, and can bleed easily.

Periodontitis = inflammation around the bone of the tooth and inflammation of the periodontium (surrounding tissue).  If not treated the bone, gums, and connective tissue that support the teeth are destroyed by bacterial toxins, plaque, and tartar.

To help stop Gum Disease:

A deep cleaning or scaling and root planning is needed for periodontal pockets that are 5mm and above. This is to remove plaque and tartar below the gumline.  The goal is to remove the bacterium that contributes to gum disease. However, if there is no shrinkage of the periodontal pocket then it is recommended to place a localized site specific antibiotic called ARESTIN (antibiotic micro-spheres) or ATRIDOX (antibiotic gel) to help heal the periodontal pocket by using a slow release of antibiotics which stays for a sufficient length of time.

We always want you to know that if we cannot control your Periodontal Disease then we will recommend you to a Periodontist (a gum specialist).

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Ashland Family & Cosmetic Dentistry